Organic Orchard Management Cliffside Orchard, Kettle Falls August 08, 2016 On August 8, farmers, budding orchardists and agricultural professionals gathered in Stevens County to hear Jeff Herman of Cliffside Orchard speak about growing and selling certified organic fruit since the … Continue reading
Solar Energy on the Farm I
Broad Leaf Farm
Everson, WA (Whatcom County)
Solar Energy on the Farm II
Orting, WA (Pierce County)
Tilth Producers teamed up with Northwest Sustainable Energy for Economic Development (Northwest SEED) to bring our community a series of farm walks focused on renewable energy, supported by an Environmental Justice Grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Northwest SEED is a Seattle-based organization that works to create communities that are powered by locally controlled clean energy solutions. They do this by providing technical assistance, education, advocacy, and implementation of clean energy projects. This exciting partnership with Northwest SEED kicked off with two farm walks in October, with each emphasizing the use of solar energy on the farm.
At both farm walks, Mia Devine, Northwest SEED Project Manager, presented on the effects of climate change within agriculture, how renewable energy sources can help mitigate climate change, and the benefits of renewable energy. She also provided the details on finding funding and taking advantage of incentive programs to pay for solar installation. Such programs and incentives include the USDA Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), federal tax credits, Washington Solar Production Incentive, and MACRS Depreciation. Overall, Mia explained that if a farmer were to take advantage of all programs and incentives (plus account for the energy they are not purchasing), the cost of their system would be 65-75% off after year one. Amazing! Also in attendance at both farm walks was Shannon Ellis-Brock of Puget Sound Cooperative Credit Union who spoke to their Energy Smart Loans, low-interest loans for solar projects up to $35,000. She was extremely helpful and succinct in outlining the benefits for both the farmer and the regional economy to locally finance a solar project.
The first of the farm walks was held at Broad Leaf Farm in Everson (Whatcom County). Owned and operated by Dusty and Leslie Williams, this 10 acre, certified organic farm utilizes a 8.6 kW solar electric system which supplies about 25% of the farm’s electricity needs. Dusty always played around with the notion of solar-power and utilized an off-grid system in the 1970’s. When he learned of the availability of incentives through Mia Devine, Northwest SEED Project Coordinator and fellow Whatcom Co. farmer, Dusty made the investment, having his system installed by EcoTech Solar, a Bellingham based company, in 2014. Dana Brandt, founder of EcoTech, was in attendance and presented on the basics of solar terminology, the basics of a photo-voltaic system, site requirements, installation, and cost variables. Since he help Dusty with his system, Dana was able to speak directly to the process used to assess the site, determine the size of the array needed, and see the system through its installation.
Also in attendance at Broad Leaf, was Jeff Aslan, Energy Program Manager of Sustainable Connections (a non-profit based in Whatcom Co.), who spoke about the various services they offer to increase energy efficiencies in the region. This includes providing energy assessments for businesses – including farms! – to help them understand their energy usage and create goals around obtaining renewable energy systems. After attendees were able to see the general set-up of his solar array, Dusty took attendees on a short tour around his farm, a portion of which he leases to young farmers. It was great to see how Broad Leaf is utilizing renewable energy and also providing space for the next generation of farmers!
The second farm host was Tahoma Farms near Orting (Pierce County). Farmer owners Dan and Kim Hulse greeted everyone to their certified organic farm, which in years past was a large dairy operation. The farm itself is on land secured through the PCC Farmland Trust as a conservation easement. Between their organic production practices and mission to preserve farmland, it was no surprise that Dan made the decision to install a large solar array a-top one of the old livestock barns. To speak to the installation of Tahoma’s particular array, Chris Brooks, Project Manager for Sun’s Eye Solar based in Tacoma, was in attendance to explain all of the inner workings. Besides explaining the basic terminology and system set-ups, Chris essentially sold everyone on the use of micro inverters. Afterwards, Dan and Kim took everyone on a tour of their farm – namely their wash stations and packing shed.
Overall, both farm walks were very informative on the steps farmers can take to obtain solar on their farm. Further, they proved that solar energy systems perform well in Western Washington with plenty of local manufacturers and installers to choose from. So don’t let the dreary days of winter fool you into thinking that it’s not possible to install and utilize a solar array of your own.
To view the farm walk booklet for Broad Leaf Farm, click here.
To view the farm walk booklet for Tahoma Farms, click here.
Summary by Angela Anegon.
These farm walks provided in partnership with Northwest Sustainable Energy for Economic Development (NW SEED) with support from an Environmental Justice Grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Behind the Brew: Organic Hops Production
Perrault Farms, Toppenish
July 27, 2015
Twenty-six farmers and agricultural professionals came together at Perrault Farms to learn about organic hops production. Located in the Yakima Valley, Perrault Farms is a family business and Jason Perrault, fourth generation hop farmer, along with his cousin Tim, led the walk. Jason shared that Washington, Idaho, and Oregon account for 100% of the U.S. hops production with the Yakima Valley accounting for 75% in itself. So it was wonderful to be on one of a few large-scale, organic hops productions in the state.
As they spoke about the management of organic hops, Jason and Tim led attendees through one of their organic hop yards where the hop vines were barely beginning to develop flowers. In total, Perrault Farms has 1500 acres in hops production, and 45 acres in certified organic hops. These hops are used mostly by craft brewers in Washington, Oregon, and in New York. The biggest challenge with growing organic hops is pest and disease management. The largest issues being aphids, mites, and powdery mildew. Management of nitrogen is also difficult in organic hops as these plants use up nitrogen very quickly during their growth phase. To get a quality product, nitrogen needs to be managed intensively which can be hard to do with organic products and methods such as cover crops and compost applications – two forms of fertility that Jason does employ. After about five years of being organic, Jason said he finally sees the ecosystem of his organic yards balance so that pest and disease issues became less dramatic. Jason is also active in breeding hops varieties that provide a high yield as well as resistance to pests and disease.
Jason has begun to adopt many of the organic practices within his conventional blocks as well. He will plant cover crops within his alleyways to build up soil health and provide habitat for beneficial insects. Whether organic or conventional, the Perrault hop yards are always being monitored for threats of disease and pest pressure. Jason has identified people in his crew to do pest counts and weekly as part of their Integrated Pest Management plan that tracks both populations of beneficial insects and pest insects.
The farm walk then included a tour of Perrault’s new processing facility which will see its first hops harvest this August and September. Attendees were even able to taste beer produced with Perrault hops in their tap room. Jason believes that now is the time to sell and grow organic hops, especially with the increased responsiveness to unique varieties and organically grown hops from the craft brewing industry.
Click here to view the farm walk booklet for Perrault Farms.
Summary by Angela Anegon
This Farm Walk is supported in part by the Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA, Grant # 2012-49400-19575. For more resources and programs for beginning farmers and ranchers please visit www.Start2Farm.gov.